Some interesting links

Collaborator sites

Sites which have kindly provided us with TZXs, DSKs, inlays scans or instructions.

.TAP Project, maintained by Alexander "Biotoxin" Podzhunas.
Only games in TAP format, converted from TZX images by Biotoxin.

Andy's ZX Spectrum Pages, maintained by Andrew Barker [DISCONTINUED].
Andrew Barker was co-mantainer of the Spectrum Tape/Disk Preservation projects at World of Spectrum. His site held a lot of Crash, Your Sinclair and Sinclair User cover tapes (transferred by him), info about tape loading schemes and other interesting stuff.

Bytemaniacos, maintained by Miguel Ángel "Radastan" Montejo.
Site for the frequent and fruitful programming contests (usually BASIC programming contests) convoked by Radastan.

Cassettes de Revistas, maintained by yoxxxoy [DISCONTINUED].
Discontinued project aimed to hold every cover tape from Spanish Spectrum magazines, including those of MicroHobby Semanal, MicroHobby Cassette, Load'n'Run and Stars.

Computer EmuZone, maintained by José Luis "Karnevi" Veiga.
Archive on Spanish games for any retro platform. You'll find downloads, reviews, tips and interviews in this superb site.

El Trastero del Spectrum, maintained by José Manuel Claros.
An essential site - don't miss it! Indeed, the Spanish site on the ZX Spectrum that has been online for the longest time (since 2000!).

ESpectrum, maintained by Josetxu "Horace" Malanda [DISCONTINUED].
Everything you ever wanted to know about Spanish Spectrum software was once found here. Its section "Qué fue de..." ("What happened to...") pioneered many later insights on Spanish Speccy celebrities.

K y Enter, maintained by El Elfo Oscuro.
An archive of every MicroHobby type-in program. A very thorough piece of work which was the basis for the later Proyecto Basic ZX project.

Lo más retro... lo mejor, maintained by Juan Domingo García [DISCONTINUED].
"The place for the classics". There you could find lots of info about retrocomputing, an interesting section of type-in programs and a large repository of ZX Spectrum games.

Metsuke Central, maintained by Metsuke.
Probably the first Spanish site that strived to get and archive scans of game instructions in Spanish.

MicroHobby.com, maintained by Chema "StalVs" Matas.
Archive of Spanish ZX Spectrum magazines and documentation, featuring MicroHobby and ZX.

Proyecto B.A.S.E., maintained by Luis Felipe Morales, Enrique Pimpinela Santos.
Project aimed to the preservation of every text adventure in Spanish for the ZX Spectrum.

Proyecto BASIC ZX, maintained by Ignacio Prini.
Spiritual sucessor of K y Enter, this exhaustive, ever-growing archive strives to get every Spanish type-in preserved. Kudos to Ignacio for his outstanding relentless work!

Spectrum POWER!, maintained by Javier "ICEKnight" Baldo [DISCONTINUED].
Lots of original Spectrum tapes transfered by ICEKnight, which mostly belonged to his personal collection. Also some home-made programs.

Spectrumaniacos, maintained by Moxonite [DISCONTINUED].
The place where Moxon made available a lot of +3 disks. A remarkably large collection, even though it's not been updated for a quite long time.

The TZX Vault, maintained by Steve Brown.
Steve Brown was the leader of the Spectrum Preservation Team at old WoS. His longstanding site is the seminal archive of Sinclair ZX Spectrum programs in perfect .TZX tape format.

Community and events

Load ZX Spectrum, maintained by Associação Geração Spectrum.
The first museum in the world uniquely devoted to the ZX Spectrum is placed in Cantanhede (Portugal). A must-see!

RetroEuskal, maintained by RetroAcción.
Born in 2004 and organized by RetroAcción, RetroEuskal is one of the oldest and most powerful yearly events for retro fans. It is celebrated as part of the huge mega-party Euskal Encounter (Bilbao, Spain).

RetroMadrid, maintained by AUIC.
Previously known as MadriSX & Retro and organized by AUIC, RetroMadrid is arguably the most popular retro party in Spain.

RetroZaragoza, maintained by RetroZaragoza.
Young yearly event held in Zaragoza which has quickly established as one of the most important retro parties in Spain.

Speccy.org, maintained by Federico J. Álvarez Valero, Santiago "NoP / Compiler" Romero Iglesias.
Ad-free community server that provides free hosting to multiple ZX Spectrum-related projects, including this one. From its home page you can access all these sites, as well as the user forum and a wiki

ZonaDePruebas, maintained by Robcfg, Sentinel, Titan.
ZONADEPRUEBAS aims to be a meeting place for enthusiasts, users and collectors of retrocomputers, pastime electronics, and other devices of the 80s and earlier.

Development: Teams

Compiler Software, maintained by Compiler Software.
Active since 2003, Compiler Software is probably the first significant modern homebrew games development group for the ZX Spectrum in Spain.

El Alien Suavito, maintained by Alien Soft.
Spanish game development group, which made a handful of homegrown text adventures for the ZX Spectrum.

Facebook Topo Siglo XXI, maintained by Alfonso Fernández Borro.
Facebook page of the revival development team Topo Siglo XXI / Team Siglo XXI, founded by Alfonso Fernández Borro (AF / Borrocop), formerly graphist at Topo Soft

Javier Fopiani, maintained by Javier Fopiani.
Imaginative Spanish author of ZX Spectrum games, usually based on the Mojon Twins' engine MK1 (aka La Churrera).

Mojonia - The Mojon Twins Dome, maintained by anjuel & na_th_an.
Mojonia, sacrosanct home of The Mojon Twins - well-known Spanish retro development team, authors of many gems and a fruitful game engine named MK1 (La Churrera), as well as subsequent revisions.

Octocom, maintained by Jorge del Llano, David Mochales.
Talented Spanish ZX development group specialized in gigantic BASIC games for the ZX Spectrum.

Relevo Videogames, maintained by Jon Cortázar Abraido.
"La Corona Encantada", often remembered by the beautiful cover illustration by Azpiri, was probably the first major homebrew release for the ZX Spectrum in Spain - a real landmark. Along the years, they have authored a handful of brilliant, unforgettable games.

RetroWorks, maintained by RetroWorks.
Eclectic and virtuoso Spanish retrogaming development team which have released some of the best homebrew games ever designed for our beloved machine

Sequentia Soft, maintained by Fran Kapilla.
Promising Spanish retrogaming development group with solid expertise on interactive fiction titles

World XXI Soft Inc., maintained by Ariel Ruiz.
Active since 1997 (!), World XXI Soft is the label of Ariel Ruiz, prolific and very creative Argentinian homebrew game author for the ZX Spectrum.

Development: Tools

MTE MK1 / La Churrera, maintained by The Mojon Twins.
[z88dk] La Churrera is a framework composed by a modular engine coded in C and a set of tools to make games for the ZX Spectrum. La Churrera needs z88dk to compile and uses the splib2 game library by Alvin Albrecht.

SevenuP, maintained by Jaime "Metalbrain" Tejedor Gómez.
[Windows, Linux, macOS, FreeBSD] An excellent tool for designing the graphics of your ZX Spectrum games.

Emulator sites

DSP, maintained by Leniad.
[Windows, Linux, macOS] Multiplatform open source emulator originally designed in Delphi. Features Gunstick emulation.

EightyOne, maintained by Mike Wynne.
[Windows] Freeware emulator emulating ZX80, ZX81, the whole ZX Spectrum and Timex family, several clones, Jupiter Ace and others. EightyOne is designed to run on Windows XP, but should work on Windows 98 and above (DirectX 7 or above required)

fbZX, maintained by Sergio Costas.
[Linux] An open source 128K, +2, +2A emulator for Linux/SDL designed to work at full screen using the FrameBuffer.

FUSE, maintained by Philip Kendall.
[Unix, macOS, Windows, Wii, Amiga] Freeware emulator originally developed for UNIX and Mac Os X. Working 16K, 48K, 128K, +2, +2A, +3, +3e, SE, TC2048, TC2068, TS2068, Pentagon 128 and Scorpion ZS 256 emulation, running at true Speccy speed on any computer you're likely to try it on.

JaS, maintained by Alberto Sánchez Terrén.
[Java] Spanish freeware Spectrum emulator written in Java. It also emulates 128k models, supports the TZX format, and features a superb debugger. Source code available.

JSpeccy, maintained by José Luis Sánchez.
[Java] A multiplatform ZX Spectrum emulator written in Java language with a really accurate emulation.

Qaop/JS, maintained by Jan Brobowski.
[Javascript] Very easy-to-use online ZX Spectrum emulator in HTML5 and Javascript.

RealSpectrum, maintained by RAMSOFT ZX Spectrum demogroup [DISCONTINUED].
[Windows, MS-DOS] A freeware 16K, 48K, 128K, +2, +2A, +3, Pentagon, and Scorpion emulator for DOS and Windows. Also emulates Multiface 128, Interface-1, Kempston joystick, and mouse, DISCiPLE and +D, TRDOS and +3DOS support, and the Sinclair Network of the Interface-1 and MGT DISCiPLE via TCP/IP over the Internet.

Retro Virtual Machine, maintained by RetroVirtualMachine Team.
[Windows, Linux, macOS] Retro Virtual Machine is an emulator of Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum for Windows, Linux and MacOs. Emulates the CPC464, CPC664, CPC6128, ZX Spectrum 48k, Zx Spectrum 128k, ZX Spectrum +2, ZX Spectrum +3, ZX-Uno among others, as well as devices such as DivMMC, CPC Dandanator, X-Mem.

Spectaculator, maintained by Jonathan Needle.
[Windows, iOS, Android] A commercial emulator for PCs running Microsoft® Windows® 95, 98, ME, NT 4, 2000, XP & Vista. Spectaculator emulates the 16K/48K/128/+2/+2A/+3 Spectrums, the Russian Pentagon 128 and Scorpion ZS256 clones, and lots of additional hardware.

X128, maintained by James McKay [DISCONTINUED].
[MS-DOS] A freeware 48, 128, +2, +2A, +3, Pentagon, and Scorpion emulator for DOS. Also available is an older open source Unix port.

ZesarUX, maintained by César Hernández Bañó.
[Unix, Windows] ZX Machines Emulator for UNIX based operating systems (and Windows), including all the Sinclair computers (MK14, ZX80, ZX81, ZX Spectrum, QL, Z88) as well as many clones and other non-Sinclair machines.

ZX Spectrum Emulator, maintained by Vaggelis Kapartzianis [DISCONTINUED].
[Windows] A freeware emulator for Windows having the most basic options, but being very easy to use. It handles the TZX format.

ZX Spin, maintained by Paul Dunn, Mark Woodmass, Mark Boyd [DISCONTINUED].
[Windows] A powerful, highly configurable freeware emulator that works over any Windows system, from Windows 95 onwards.

ZXDS, maintained by Patrik Rak.
[Nintendo DS, 3DS] ZXDS is an emulator of Sinclair ZX Spectrum for Nintendo DS and 3DS, with an accurate emulation and some other noteworthy features, like the ability to download all these files online over WiFi, peer-to-peer WiFi multiplayer, or Kempston mouse emulation.

Magazines

CRASH! - The Online Edition, maintained by Matthew Wilson.
Site dedicated to CRASH, the ZX Spectrum magazine which was published from 1984 to 1991 by Newsfield

Load 'n' Run, maintained by Sequor.
The complete collection of the Spanish Load´n´Run for the ZX Spectrum, including scans of the magazines and covertape images in TZX format.

Magazine ZX, maintained by Magazine ZX Team.
Spanish fanzine about the ZX Spectrum. Available both online and in PDF format.

MHoogle, maintained by Josetxu Malanda.
Search engine over the whole set of pages of MicroHobby magazines, with a strong resemblance to Google.

RetroGamer, maintained by Imagine Publishing Ltd..
"The essential guide to classic games". Website of Britain's most important mag on retro videogames.

Robert Perelegre Orteu page, maintained by Robert Perelegre Orteu.
Includes the whole collection of Input Sinclair magazines, the MicroHobby BASIC and MC programming courses, as well as information on MGT's Disciple and Dinamic Software's SD1.

The Your Sinclair Rock 'n' Roll Years, maintained by Nick Humphries [DISCONTINUED].
Your Sinclair tribute site, with game reviews, and loads of other groovy stuff.

Web8bits.com, maintained by David "web8bits" Novo Iglesias.
Reviews of retro computers, mags and books; hard and soft advertisements; and, over all, a titanic task: that of scanning the entire Spanish encyclopaedia MiComputer.

Yo Tenía Un Juego, maintained by Varios.
Free digital magazine of retro video games in PDF, and much more: blog, podcast, YouTube channel ...

ZX Shed, maintained by ZX Shed Team [DISCONTINUED].
The homepage for the one, the only, the original ZX Shed, ZX Spectrum fanzine.

ZX Spectrum Files, maintained by Ignacio "RDisky" Prini.
Spanish fanzine about the ZX Spectrum, directed by Ignacio Prini. Available in PDF format.

ZXF, maintained by Colin Woodcock.
Wonderfully presented and exquisitely written, Colin Woodcock's mag would arguably be the best-selling Spectrum magazine if it wasn't free!

News and blogs

Club de Aventuras AD, maintained by Carlos "Uto" Sánchez.
The largest and oldest Spanish community about the world of text adventures and interactive tales

Deep-Fried Brains, maintained by Jaime "deepfb / Johnny Farragut" González.
Retrocomputing, comics, books, music, movies and fanzine stuff.

El Mundo del Spectrum, maintained by Alejandro Ibáñez, Javier Ortiz, JMV.
Born in 1996, EMS is, much deservedly, the most popular ZX Spectrum site in Spain nowadays. News, memorabilia, interviews and articles around the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. They have a longstanding podcast and even authored some beautiful books - these guys never rest!

Planeta Sinclair, maintained by André Leão.
Massive website about the Sinclair world in Portuguese

Raww.org, maintained by Icabod [DISCONTINUED].
Spectrum demo scene news and home of the Raww Arse demo group.

Spectrum Forever, maintained by Ferrán Criado.
Another Spectrum gaming review site, with a very cute design and cleverly organized.

Preservation: Archives

Demotopia, maintained by Matthew "Gasman" Westcott [DISCONTINUED].
Comprehensive resource covering past and present activity on the ZX Spectrum demo scene.

RetroLEL, maintained by Javier "ICEKnight" Baldo.
The current project of ICE Knight, aimed at full preservation of retro games, features interesting ancient development documents.

SpectrumComputing, maintained by Peter Jones.
The official archive for the ZXDB database and spiritual sucessor of the good old World of Spectrum for many.

The RZX Archive, maintained by Daren Pearcy.
Watch recordings of Speccy games.

The Tipshop, maintained by Gerard Sweeney.
A central archive for hints, tips, cheats, pokes and maps for Spectrum and SAM games.

World of Spectrum, maintained by Lee Fogarty.
One of the oldest archives for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum on the Internet, now redesigned and kept alive by its long-time collaborator Lee Fogarty.

World of Spectrum Classic, maintained by WoSC Team.
ZXDB-based site that strives to preserve the look-and-feel of old Martijn Van der Heide's World of Spectrum.

ZX Info, maintained by Thomas Heckmann.
ZXDB based search engine with a powerful public API

ZX-Art, maintained by moroz1999.
Largest online collection of ZX Spectrum graphics and music,

ZXDB, maintained by Einar Saukas.
ZXDB is an open database containing historical information of software, hardware, magazines and books about the ZX Spectrum and related machines. Some of the most important archive sites on the ZX Spectrum are based on it.

ZXSoftware.co.uk, maintained by Tony "ADJB" Barnett [DISCONTINUED].
An archive of Tony Barnett's own personal collection of retro hardware, software and books.

Preservation: Tools

CPCDiskXP, maintained by Óscar "Mochilote" Sánchez.
[Windows] Write and read Amstrad CPC disks (and Spectrum +3 disks as well) from a PC.

CPD Read / CPD Write, maintained by Ulrich Doewich [DISCONTINUED].
[MS-DOS] MS-DOS based utility used to transfer data on CPC disks into the extended DSK format. CPDRead's speciality is copy protected software. Non-standard CPC disk formats (eg. VORTEX or ROMDOS) can also be turned into DSK images.

MakeTZX, maintained by Ramsoft [DISCONTINUED].
[Windows, MS-DOS] The quintessential TZX converter. The best tool available if you'd like to digitalize your own tapes. A must!

SAMdisk, maintained by Simon Owen.
[Windows] The sucessor of the CPD Tools (CPD Read / CPD Write). Best tool ever for dumping your +3 disks into extended DSK images. Can also work with Kryoflux draft dumps.

Spin Disk Manager, maintained by Damien Guard.
[Windows] Cross-platform GUI application for examining and manipulating disk images in the Extended DSK format used by many Spectrum and Amstrad emulators.

Taper, maintained by Martijn van der Heide [DISCONTINUED].
[MS-DOS] It was once the best tool to digitalize and later edit tape images, until MakeTZX and Tapir took their places. A landmark.

Tapir, maintained by Alessandro Grussu.
[Windows] Originally authored by Czech colleague Mikie, Tapir is a freeware Win32 utility for manipulation of the content of TZX files.

Technical sites

El hardware del Spectrum, maintained by José Leandro Novellón.
Home for the Spanish hardware preservation project for the ZX Spectrum. Documentation, photos, schematics, and everything you can think of!.

Planet Sinclair, maintained by Chris Owen.
Lots of information about anything related to Sinclair Research (including their computers, obviously).

Sinclair FAQ, maintained by Sinclair FAQ Team.
Initially intented to be a FAQ document for the comp.sys.sinclair newsgroup, it turns out to be an excellent (yet slightly outdated) entry point to the state-of-the-art around the ZX Spectrum.

The Spectrum hardware page, maintained by Paul Jenkinson.
Looking for technical information about the ZX Spectrum and/or its peripherals? Don't look any further! Check this out...