The ZX Spectrum is a personal computer devised by the clever
mind of the celebrated British genius
Sir Clive Sinclair in the early eighties. Due to its highly
favorable reception in a large part of Western Europe (particularly in Great
Britain, its home country) such term ended up defining a whole range of
computers, which progressively evoluted and enjoyed great popularity until
the early nineties.
Concretely, in April 1982 a couple of brand new microcomputers were
born - two devices which substantially altered the existing
conception of domestic computing: the ZX Spectrum 16K and the ZX
Spectrum 48K. Despite of being quite similar technically, their low price and
the higher RAM capacity of the second (additional 16K) made buyers
opt en masse for the 48K model. In a very short lapse of time, thousands of
British homes had their first personal computer, setting an unprecedented
The ZX Spectrum reached Spain during 1983. Although the greatest star
of domestic computing in the eighties was probably the Commodore 64 (which swept
the United States), the ZX Spectrum was undoubtedly the most important
computer in this country. The arrival of new models as the Spectrum + or the
Spectrum 128 strengthened even more the market dominance of the Spectrum,
somehow with the support of a... erm... "alternative" model from
Investrónica. Besides, it stimulated the emergence of a large
bunch of enterprises devoted to the flourishing video games industry in Spain,
which achieved its greatest splendor in line with the ZX Spectrum.
The decline of the ZX Spectrum maybe began when Amstrad purchased all rights over
Sinclair products, in 1986. Although Amstrad's commitment for the Spectrum was
clear as they broadened the Spectrum family with new machines (+2, +2A, +3),
these ones already had, commercially speaking, their days counted.
Its definitive extinction became evident during 1992, the year in which
16 bits game consoles were given a major boost for trade. However, the
Speccy keeps alive in the heart of countless users around the world,
which take the opportunity brought by that great forum Internet is to preserve
its memory. This site also tries to, somehow, pay a respectful tribute.
Research keeps on active service (proven by their own homepage),
although the ZX Spectrum will probably go down in history as the most
relevant token of the outstanding legacy of
Sir Clive Sinclair.